The Eixample Quarter is the area located in the north side of Catalonia Square, the geographical centre of the city.
It can be translated as the Enlargment Quarter, so it was: an enlargement of the city made in the middle of the 1800.
The Town Plann and quarter was designed by the engineer Ildefons Cerdà, whose urban plan was adopted 150 years ago, in 1859.
Known as the Cerdà Plan, finally knock down the medieval City Walls. From then on the city of Barcelona was transformed: from a busy, saturated and too small city to a new urban conception, with a totaly renovated area formed by longest and widest avenues and luxurious Art Noveau buildings.
The population increased so much mainly after the mass migration from the countryside to the city, as a consequence of the Industrial Revolution. So a renovation of the city was urgent and necessary for the logical development of this modern industrial city.
This demolition of walls and expansion of the city contributed to the expansion of the city: many of the former surrounding villages become new neighborhoods of the New Town: Sarria, Gracia, Sants, expanding considerably the urban extension.
In order to help you to plan your visit to Barcelona, we suggest you two itineraries trhough the huge area of the Eixample District.
We propose you two routes divided by the two main sides of the Eixample Quarter, where are located the most important and worthy monuments: Eixample right side and Eixample left side itineraries. Check the two tours below or in the right side menu.